Learn how collective mobilization promotes the preservation of chelonians in the Amazon

The release of chelonians in the Middle Juruá, located in Carauari (AM), is carried out to celebrate the monitoring of the beaches, the preservation of the species and the increase in the population each year. This is one of several actions carried out to ensure the maintenance of the chelonian population and food security for the population, strengthening cultural aspects of the riverside population. 

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After all, what are chelonians?

Chelonians are one of the orders of reptiles that includes all existing species of turtles in the world. In this group are tortoises and tortoises, for example. In the case of the Middle Juruá, the species of chelonians preserved include turtles, tracajás and yacas. These animals inhabit the Amazonian rivers and reproduce on the beaches of these places.

How, why and by whom is the release made?

The release of chelonians is an initiative that aims to ensure the reproduction of these animals, releasing them into nature when they are ready to live in their proper habitat. The process begins with the monitoring of species in July, when volunteers receive training to monitor the spawning carried out and count the pits and eggs.

The deposited eggs can hatch naturally in the place of origin. But, in some cases, they are found in places of vulnerability and are transferred to nurseries that guarantee the safety of the eggs until they hatch. After the hatchlings are born, they are transferred to tanks until they reach the ideal size, when they are returned to nature. This action increases the survival rate of individuals by up to 18%.

How does this action impact biodiversity and social development?

In 2022, more than 280,000 chelonian hatchlings were safely returned to the wild upon release. This number represents an increase of more than 100% compared to 2010, when the initiative began with the release of 120,000 pups. Thus, there is an increase in the chelonian population in the Middle Juruá.

In addition to the positive environmental impact, this action results in improvements for the residents of Carauari, the municipality where the actions of the Medium Juruá Territory Program, coordinated by Sitawi, take place. These people are qualified to carry out the activity and carry out the sustainable management of the species, receiving in return greater food security and reinforcement of their culture.

How we impacted the Middle Juruá:

The management and release of chelonians is one of several actions carried out in the Middle Juruá region to ensure sustainable development. In addition to this, there are oil and wild pirarucu production chains, training for community members and support for local associations. All activities take place in partnership with local organizations and aim to promote socio-environmental improvements for this region of the territory, which is one of the most preserved areas in the Amazon.

Do you want to know more about social mobilization in the Middle Juruá for biodiversity conservation? Find out what we do in the Program.

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