There are many efforts conducted across the planet to understand the magnitude of the impacts generated by climate change, especially global warming. In the Amazon, the forecast is that by the end of the 21st century, the temperature may increase up to 4ºC, with a reduction of up to 40% of rainfall. For traditional communities such as those in the Médio Juruá region, these impacts are vital, as it is a territory with a great diversity of production chains, where local populations are heavily dependent on natural resources.
Thus, the study “Climate Change and its impacts on the socio-biodiversity of the Juruá River”, coordinated by the Sitawi within the framework of the Juruá Middle Territory Program, it aims to investigate the potential impacts of climate change on the local ecosystem and on the life of the population residing in the territory.
The in-depth analysis sought to understand the perception of riverside populations about climate change in its direct effects on daily life and on production chains. For this, interviews were carried out with about 300 people in 27 communities, also using database analysis and statistical modeling as a way of predicting possible future impacts.
“In this work, we seek to integrate scientific knowledge with traditional knowledge, which is fundamental in places without long-term monitoring. The ability of forest peoples to perceive is incredible and helps us understand how climate change can impact nature and also human activities, such as hunting, fishing, agriculture and extractivism. Understanding these impacts is of fundamental importance for us to build adaptive strategies, so that rural communities can face adverse conditions that may occur in the future”, comments João Vitor Campos-Silva, General Director of the Juruá Institute and responsible for the development of the research.
With this study, the Sitawi and the partners of the Juruá Middle Territory Program – USAID, Natura, Coca-Cola Brasil and the Juruá Middle Territory Forum – also seek to stimulate initiatives for the conservation of local biodiversity and for the region's social, environmental and economic development. To contribute to this objective, a series of recommendations were developed together with local leaders and associations to increase the resilience of local communities and actions aimed at mitigating the impacts of climate change.
To mark the release, the Sitawi organized the live “Climate Changes and the Amazon: Impacts on the Sociobiodiversity of the Juruá River”. The event was attended by Roland Widmer, Territorial Programs Manager at Sitawi and João Vitor Campos-Silva, General Director of Instituto Juruá.
Check out the chat here: https://bit.ly/2GM8daq
access here the study available for free download.